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Data Security

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Software Licensing Terms


Data Security

We are committed to ensuring that your information is secure. In order to prevent unauthorised access or disclosure we have put in place suitable physical, electronic and managerial procedures to safeguard and secure the information we collect.

All data is stored in secure electronic systems accessible only to Oasys staff with both valid network login credentials and specific authorisation to access the system.  Our systems further limit data access by role to ensure data is available only to those who have a specific need to see it.

If at any point you suspect or receive a suspicious communication from someone suggesting they work for Oasys or a website claiming to be affiliated with Oasys, please forward the communication to us or report the incident by email to oasys@arup.com or in writing to Oasys, 13 Fitzroy Street, London, UK, W1T 4BQ as soon as possible.

Data Security Notice Updated 27th February 2020

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Website Terms and Conditions

The contents of this web site are protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights under international conventions. No copying of any words, images, graphic representations or other information contained in this web site is permitted without the prior written permission of the webmaster for this site.

Oasys accepts no responsibility for the content of any external site that links to or from this site.

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Software Licensing Terms

Terms and Conditions of Purchase

The full conditions of purchase and maintenance for all Oasys software are set out in the Oasys Software Licence and Support Agreement. All prices are subject to TAX at the current rate.

Prices and specifications are subject to change without notice – please ask for a written quotation.

Although every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of all information contained herein, the contents do not form or constitute a representation, warranty, or part of any contract.

Superseded Versions of Terms and Conditions

Oasys keeps copies of all superseded versions of its terms and conditions.

Maintenance & Support Services

Support and maintenance is included with all subscription licences for their full duration.

Annual maintenance contracts are available for software under a perpetual licence, prices are based on a percentage of the most recent list price.

This service includes:

  • telephone/email/web based support
  • free software updates available via internet download
  • personalised output header for many products

Infinity Bridge

Software Used on this Project

Project Overview

With a main span of 120m, secondary span of 60m, and arch height of 40m, the award winning Infinity Bridge is one of the largest footbridges in the UK.

Background

From the industrial revolution up to the 1970s, Stockton-on-Tees was at the industrial heart of England’s north-east. Then came the 1980s and the collapse of heavy industry, leaving the area desolate. Since then, Stockton has been reinventing itself, replacing the steel and chemical works with education and commerce.

One important aspect of Stockton’s redevelopment is Durham University’s Queens Campus on the Tees’s south bank. To make this a success, the developers English Partnership and Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council realised that they needed a footbridge to link the campus to the station and the rest of the town across the river.

In 2003 English Partnership organised an open competition with the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) for a new footbridge. Expedition Engineering collaborated on their competition entry with Spence Associates. The team’s design was shortlisted to the final 5 and subject to a public vote in 2004. They did well in this and after a formal jury interview the client announced them as the winner. The project then stalled for 18 months while funding was finalised. With funding finally in place, detailed design commenced in 2007

How Oasys proved invaluable

Analysis and design

While it had been acceptable to analyse the scheme design in 2D, the detailed design required a full 3D analysis. As Expedition were aiming to make the bridge as slender as possible, the geometry was crucial. To achieve this they drove the design from an Excel file containing all the project data, which then automatically created Rhino models using routines developed in-house and the Oasys GSA model using GSA’s COM application programming interface (API). The three programs were used not just for analysis, code checking, and visualisation, but also for form-finding to make the arches work at maximum efficiency.

The form chosen was an asymmetric double-span tied-arch taking the arch forces as tension in cables running parallel with the bridge deck. This enabled the structure to span the river without imposing large reactions on the banks. To reduce differential live load deflections, the connection between the two spans was made continuous.

The loading on the bridge model did not just include wind and moving crowd loads, but also had to cope with an impact from the local river cruise ship: the Teesside Princess. The shape of the arches was optimised for the dead loads, including self weight. As the arch cross-section was also optimised throughout its length, constantly changing its profile, this proved a complex but ultimately successful task.

The design checks, all conducted in GSA, included static loading, moving crowds, dynamic behaviour (with tuned mass dampers), buckling, lack of fit, thermal expansion and construction stages. At the end of the project there were 650 load cases in 144 analysis tasks, resulting in a total of over 500 load combinations. Expedition used one GSA model to cover the entire bridge, plus additional models to examine detailed areas, such as the abutments. For these complex areas, the geometry was created in Rhino and imported directly into GSA.

Construction

During the tender phase, Expedition found that the best way to explain the construction sequence to the prospective contractors was through using Rhino models produced directly from the GSA stage model using in-house routines. As they had analysed the bridge, including temporary supports, at all stages from foundation installation to final service in the GSA model, this proved an easy task. Balfour Beatty eventually won the project and employed Cleveland Bridge UK for the bridge fabrication and Dorman Long Technology for the erection sequence design.

The first stage of the construction process was to install 16 steel piles into the river bed. These were topped by a concrete pile cap and four concrete legs which rise to provide a base for the steel legs that spring from the waterline to support the bridge above. The bridge itself is all steel, with the decks made from site-made precast concrete. To ensure perfect joints between the deck segments, the contractor used the previous segment as the stop-end for the next section.

The steelwork was fabricated locally in Darlington and transported in approximately 20m lengths. The arches were then connected on the bank in lengths of up to 90m and lifted into position. For the main arch, the North arch, this required using the UK’s largest crane, which had a lifting capacity of 1,200 tonne. The bridge ultimately used 450 tonnes of Corus steel, with 290 tonnes in the North arch alone.

The bridge was completed in February 2009 and opened to the public on the May Bank Holiday three months later.

Reaction

The reaction from the public, media, and construction industry was overwhelming. The opening ceremony, with illumination and entertainments, was attended by approximately 20,000 people. Since opening the bridge is used by about 4,000 a day to cross between the town and campus.

Its name was coined by the locals, who saw its shape reflected in the waters of the river Tees forming the mathematical symbol for infinity. The bridge is now seen as a symbol of the regeneration of the region.

When bestowing on Expedition their supreme award for structural excellence, the Institution of Structural Engineers described the bridge as “an icon for the present and a landmark for the future.”

"Possibly the most sustainable bridge in Britain and the IStructE judges recognised that ..the design of the extremely slender arch has been justified by sophisticated non-linear analysis techniques.
New Civil Engineer magazine

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