Most popular FAQs
We are often asked when it is best to use ADC and when AdSec? After all, they both design reinforced concrete.
This is of course true, but ADC and AdSec approach the problem of concrete design from opposite directions: ADC takes the loads and gives you the rebar while AdSec takes the rebar and gives you the loads. Which is best depends on your situation.
Let’s first look at ADC, which is broken down into two aspects: AdBeam and AdCol.
AdBeam designs multi-span concrete beams, solid slabs and ribbed slabs. You define the number of spans, the supports and other geometries. ADC will then calculate the bending moments and shear forces, taking into account patch loading and redistribution, to give you the most efficient reinforcement arrangements.
AdCol is similar in approach to AdBeam, but instead designs a single lift of a concrete column. Here you supply the section, axial and moment loads; ADC will first give you the bars that meet the detailing rules and then tell you which sections carry the load including which is the most efficient.
As part of the results, you can choose to print out the Axial v. Moment (N/M) and Biaxial Moments for given Axial (M/M) charts.
AdSec takes a different approach to ADC: you give the reinforcement and AdSec will tell you how strong it is and if it is strong enough. It is thus much more powerful, flexible, and hence demanding than ADC. You could say that it is advanced analysis for advanced engineers.
As an example, while AdCol only lets you try circular and rectangular sections and AdBeam rectangular, T, taper, I and taper T, AdSec lets you analyse all of these concrete shapes plus many more, including steel sections, bridge beams and even sections you define yourself. Similarly, while ADC only has reinforced concrete, AdSec also has steel and FRP materials such as carbon fibre. In addition, while ADC only has set locations for the rebar, AdSec allows you to put it anywhere within the section, assisted by templates and Excel links. You can also prestress the rebar or create new materials.
What does AdSec give you? Firstly, like ADC, AdSec can output charts of axial load against moment (known as N/M charts). You can find examples of these in BS 8110 part 3. AdSec also plots major moment against minor moment (or Myy/Mzz charts) for various multiple axial loads. These tell you what moments you can put on a section in each direction for a given axial load
AdSec can also draw the change of section stiffness (EI) as it cracks under moment combined with varying axial loads. This can be very useful if you want to accurately predict concrete deflections. Alternatively, it can give you the curvature of the member as the moment increases.
Under serviceability loads, AdSec can calculate the crack widths around the section and highlight which bar is responsible for controlling the largest one.
Under ultimate loads AdSec can tell you if the section is adequate or not, plus it can tell you the maximum axial capacity for your specified moment and the maximum moment for your given axial load. You can also look in detail at the stresses and strains in the concrete and reinforcement.
Composite and Compound sections
AdSec can also create compound and composite sections. For example, you can define a concrete beam, load it up with its self-weight and the wet weight of the concrete slab, then analyse the compound beam/slab section under service loads. Another typical use is to take a steel column and either wrap it in concrete or fill the inside, enabling you to check the capacities of composite columns ore even mega-columns. You can also take an existing concrete beam or column and see how much extra capacity you can get from applying carbon-fibre plates to the outside.
What does this mean in practice? Let’s take a piling designer as an example. When you use ADC AdCol to design piles, you input the loads for each pile and are given the reinforcement in return. You might then rationalise the rebar choices or arrange beforehand that ADC only gave you a limited choice. If, on the other hand, you use AdSec, then you would define a number of standard piles in advance, work out their capacities, plot the N/M charts, etc, and then allocate the designs to the piles accordingly.
Similarly, if you are designing a concrete building, then ADC is excellent for standard beams and columns, but if you need something more advanced like composite columns or elliptical sections, then you need AdSec.
If, on the other hand, you are designing a bridge, then AdSec is the one for you.
In summary: ADC for quick and simple, and AdSec for advanced!
Once design has been performed using AdCol, the user can choose to view results in tabular form in the Output View as follows:
- for all analysis cases or just for one analysis case;
- for all sections (bar arrangements and sizes) or just for those that have adequate capacity; and
- sorted by area of reinforcement, section reference, or by analysis case and area of reinforcement.
These options are available by selecting ‘View | Output View’ from the main menu, or by clicking the Output View button on the ADC toolbar. They assist the engineer in finding the optimum design solution.
AdBeam may output this warning and fail to perform a design if the cover that the design code requires for the largest available diameter of longitudinal reinforcement cannot be achieved by the specified nominal cover combined with the largest available diameter of link reinforcement.
When performing a check before design, ADC first compares the maximum cover that can be provided to longitudinal reinforcement against the maximum cover that is required by the design code. At this stage the maximum cover that can be provided is based on the specified nominal cover combined with the largest available diameter of link reinforcement that is available. The maximum cover that is required is based on the largest available diameter of longitudinal reinforcement. Although a valid solution may exist which uses a longitudinal bar size that is not the largest available, ADC cannot recommend it because the initial cover check fails and the design is aborted.
It is recommended that the range of bar sizes is set so that the largest is as close to the size that is expected in the solution.