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Data Security

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Data Security

We are committed to ensuring that your information is secure. In order to prevent unauthorised access or disclosure we have put in place suitable physical, electronic and managerial procedures to safeguard and secure the information we collect.

All data is stored in secure electronic systems accessible only to Oasys staff with both valid network login credentials and specific authorisation to access the system.  Our systems further limit data access by role to ensure data is available only to those who have a specific need to see it.

If at any point you suspect or receive a suspicious communication from someone suggesting they work for Oasys or a website claiming to be affiliated with Oasys, please forward the communication to us or report the incident by email to oasys@arup.com or in writing to Oasys, 13 Fitzroy Street, London, UK, W1T 4BQ as soon as possible.

Data Security Notice Updated 27th February 2020

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Website Terms and Conditions

The contents of this web site are protected by copyright and other intellectual property rights under international conventions. No copying of any words, images, graphic representations or other information contained in this web site is permitted without the prior written permission of the webmaster for this site.

Oasys accepts no responsibility for the content of any external site that links to or from this site.

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Software Licensing Terms

Terms and Conditions of Purchase

The full conditions of purchase and maintenance for all Oasys software are set out in the Oasys Software Licence and Support Agreement. All prices are subject to TAX at the current rate.

Prices and specifications are subject to change without notice – please ask for a written quotation.

Although every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of all information contained herein, the contents do not form or constitute a representation, warranty, or part of any contract.

Superseded Versions of Terms and Conditions

Oasys keeps copies of all superseded versions of its terms and conditions.

Maintenance & Support Services

Support and maintenance is included with all subscription licences for their full duration.

Annual maintenance contracts are available for software under a perpetual licence, prices are based on a percentage of the most recent list price.

This service includes:

  • telephone/fax/email/web based support
  • free software updates available via internet download
  • personalised output header for many products

Pedestrian simulation study of Mecca

Software Used on this Project

Project Overview

Every year, millions of Muslims visit Mecca in Saudi Arabia to perform a religious pilgrimage, which is one of the largest, most culturally and geographically diverse mass gatherings in the world. Modelling the Hajj is perhaps the ultimate proof of MassMotion’s scalability.

When the pilgrims arrive at the Holy Grand Mosque of Mecca, they each make seven circumambulations (Tawaf) around the Kaaba (“The Cube”), in a counter-clockwise direction.

In addition to Tawaf movement which is the main movement pattern, there are many rituals that are performed by visitors creating very complex movement patterns. Some visitors kiss the black stone located in the south-east corner of Kaaba, some others stand below Kaaba golden door, while others pray first raw to Kaaba. Some enter Hijr Ismail, a small area north-west of the Kaaba with a low semi-circular wall, for private praying.

Entering or exiting Hijr-Ismail can be very difficult during a crowded Tawaf, so effective and efficient crowd management is critical.

How Oasys proved invaluable

All of these complex mobility patterns have created mobility friction around Kaaba. The research team at Umm Al-Qura University used MassMotion, the pedestrian simulation software from Oasys, because of its capable of simulating hundreds of thousands of people in a short time. They modelled complex mobility patterns around Kaaba including:

  1. Entering and exiting from Tawaf Plaza
  2. Entering and exiting from Tawaf rituals including 7 circumambulations
  3. Entering and exiting from Hijr Ismail
  4. Stopping around Kaaba
  5. Slowing down around Maqam Ibrahim
  6. Stopping for kissing Black Stone
  7. Pausing at end/start of each circumambulation

The Results

MassMotion software analysed and measured the density around the Kaaba to identify the critical areas. The analysis helped the team to calculate the total time needed to complete the Tawaf in very crowded and less crowded situations. The MassMotion analysis provided insight on how crowd movement would be affected if new constructions were added in the area.

The simulation model will be used later in a bigger research project to analyse and evaluate proposals to mitigate movement problems around Kaaba.

MassMotion simulates the complex mobility patterns

MassMotion reenacts circumambulations (Tawaf) crowd movement

MassMotion average density – the red represents a crowd of up to 6.50 people per m^2

 

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